测绘科学与技术系博士后科研流动站简介

测绘科学与技术博士后科研流动站概况


       西南交通大学测绘科学与技术学科方向2012年教育部学科评估全国排名第6,拥有“测绘科学与技术学科”一级学科博士学位授权点和博士后科研流动站,包括大地测量与测量工程、摄影测量与遥感、地图制图学与地理信息工程三个学科方向,拥有测绘工程、遥感科学与技术、地理信息系统三个本科专业。其中地理信息系统为国家级重点专业(培育),测绘工程为省级特色专业。本学科包括精密工程测量、永久散射体雷达干涉测量、导航与位置服务、多维动态GIS等特色研究方向。


       近4年来,承担科研项目179项,到账经费2655万元,其中承担纵向课题97项目,到账经费1747万元,承担的国家级课题45项目,含973计划、863计划课题 9 项,国家自然科学基金项目 33 项。获得省部级级科技进步奖一等奖 4 项,二等奖7项,发表SCI论文17余篇,出版专著和教材4部。

In the discipline assessment of educational ministry, the first-level discipline of surveying and mapping science and technology in SWJTU is ranked 6th. In this discipline, there are three sub-disciplines, i.e. surveying engineering, photogrammetry and remote sensing, cartography and geographic information engineering, and  postdoctoral scientific research organization.  The sub-discipline of cartography and geographic information engineering is state-level key discipline (training) and the sub-discipline of surveying engenerring is province-level key discipline.  In this  discipline, some research work has been conducted, such as precise engineering surveying, permanent scatterer radar interferometry, navigation and location services, multi-dimensional dynamic GIS.

 

There are 179 research funded projects in this discipline direction in the past four years and the sum of research funding is 26.5 million Yuan. These projects contain 97 research projects ( 17.4 million Yuan ), and 45 state-level projects such as chinesch 973 plan and 863 plan, and 33 projects funded by National Natural Science Foundation. Some awards including four province-level first prize, seven second prize. More than 17 papers .and four monographs and textbooks are published.

测绘科学与技术博士后科研流动站目前的主要研究领域(Research Fields)



       大地测量学与测量工程领域主要研究方向包括:高速铁路精密工程测量技术,地基增强多星座融合导航与位置云服务,地球表面质量分布与重力场模型,地球表面变形监测和工程变形监测技术等。其中代表性科研成果包括:

高速铁路精密工程测量理论与方法:根据轨道平顺性指标,研究高速铁路测量控制网建网精度技术指标和数据处理方法,提出了“三网合一”理念,制订了我国第一部《高速铁路工程测量规范》并已颁布实施,建立了我国高速铁路控制测量理论体系。

亚毫米量级地球潮汐形变的测定:首次利用实际观测数据测定了由地球侧向异性引起的亚毫米量级的固体地球潮汐形变,该成果为深入认识地球深内部结构提供了重要的观测约束。

地基增强多星座融合导航与位置云服务:基于WEB和云计算的VRS理论,研制了国内首套自主知识产权的增强参考站网络服务平台系统,支持GPS、GLONASS和北斗多星座导航卫星系统的数据融合处理与位置服务,提供厘米级导航与实时动态定位服务;将网络计算扩展到中央差分,提出增强参考站技术的理论,完成了具有我国自主知识产权的“基于INTERNET的增强网络GPS/VRS卫星定位服务系统(ARSNet/VENUS)”。研发了精度约为1cm的精密单点定位方法。

 

       大地测量学与测量工程方向近四年发表SCI论文5篇,参编行业规范2部,出版专著/教材2部,1项成果被美国地球物理学会选为研究亮点,获得省部级科技进步一等奖3项,二等奖5项,三等奖3项。承担国家级项目10项(包括863计划项目1项,国家自然科学基金项目9项),其余省部及重大项目30余项。

The key research fields of geodesy and surveying engineering include precise engineering surveying of high-speed railway, navigation and location cloud services based on ground based augmentation and multi-constellation fusion, quality distribution of Earth’s surface and gravity field model, deformation monitoring of Earth’s surface and engineering deformation monitoring etc.. Selected achievements of relevant research topics in these fields are listed as below:

Theory and method of precise engineering surveying of high-speed railway: the precision requirements of survey control network and data processing approaches for high-speed railway are proposed. The concept of ″Triple Play″ is given. The first Chinese ″specifications for survey engineering of high speed railway″ is formulated and implemented. A theoretic foundation of control surveying of Chinese high-speed railway in China are built.

Three-dimensional tidal deformation of the solid Earth accurate to the level of sub-millimeter had been firstly determined using GPS observations. The effects of the mantle’s lateral heterogeneity on body tides are also firstly founded. This newly observations provide important constraints to the structure of Earth’s interior.

Navigation and location cloud services based on ground based augmentation and multi-constellation fusion: on the basis of WEB and VRS, Service platform of Enhanced Reference Station Network with China's first self-owned intellectual property has been developed. This platform can support data fusion and positioning service of muti-GNSS such as GPS, GLONASS and BDS. It also provides centimeter-level navigation and real-time kinematic positioning service. According to the extension from network computing to center-difference explicit, the ARSNet/VENUS with China's independent intellectual property rights has been developed. Besides, the precise single point positioning up to 1cm has been developed.


For the research field of geodesy and surveying engineering, five SCI papers and two monographs have been published in the last four years. Two industry standards have been edited. One achievement has been selected as the research highlights of the American Geophysical Union. Three first-class prizes, five second-class prizes and three third-class prizes of National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology have been awarded. 10 national level projects including one national high technology research and development program of China (863 program) and nine projects supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China have been approved. There are more than 30 provincial and other major projects.


大地测量学与测量工程/Geodesy and Surveying Engineering

       遥感科学与技术方向主要研究内容包括:合成孔径雷达干涉理论及应用、高分辨率遥感处理关键技术及应用。合成孔径雷达干涉理论及应用方向重点研究“高分辨率卫星雷达干涉”及其应用于“区域性地表沉陷”和“高速铁路路基沉降”的关键技术。高分辨率遥感处理方向重点研究高分辨率遥感数据的配准、变化检测、地物分类和提取等关键技术和理论。其中代表性科研成果包括:

基于干涉雷达的线路沉降监测技术体系:从理论方法、关键技术、系统研制和应用4个层次上对干涉雷达的线路沉降监测技术进行系统研究,建立了永久散射体(PS)网络化时序差分雷达干涉的理论与技术体系;发明了分体式人造角反射器;提出了固定式与分体式人造角反射器并行布设的模式;建立了人工与天然PS自由构网(FCN)模型;提出了长、短波融合的PSI监测大范围地表沉降趋势和局部沉降漏斗的方法;开发了国内首套基于卫星SAR影像的PS雷达干涉(PSI)沉降监测软件。

高分辨率遥感数据处理及信息提取技术:利用相位一致性构建尺度不变性特征点检测算法、局部特征描述符和影像几何结构相似性测度,建立一整套由粗到精的影像自动配准算法;探索部分标注像素样本给定下的主题模型分类问题,提出一种新的适合于高分辨率多光谱遥感影像分析应用的主题模型框架;建立了两类半监督分类算法。

无人机低空遥感技术:结合铁路/高铁的安全性预警和监测技术的需求,以高速铁路空间信息快速获取与处理技术为主线,开展无人机遥感相关技术研究与产品开发,构建基于无人机低空遥感技术的高速铁路运营安全空间信息快速获取与处理技术体系。

 

       遥感科学与技术方向近四年发表SCI论文9篇,出版专著2部、译著1部,EI论文30余篇,获得发明专利4项。获省部级一等奖1项,二等奖2项,三等奖1项,获行业协会及学术论文奖10余项。相关研究成果在汶川地震、玉树地震、庐山地震与山体滑坡等地质灾害评估、以及京沪高速铁路、沪宁城际客运专线、香港地铁等重大工程形变监测领域得到应用和推广。

The key research fields of science and technology of remote sensing include theory and application of synthetic aperture radar interference and high resolution remote sensing data processing. The former research field focuses on high resolution satellite radar interference and its applications to regional surface subsidence and high-speed railway subgrade settlement, while the later concerns high resolution remote sensing image registration, change detection, image classification, etc. Selected achievements of relevant research topics in these fields are listed as below:

linear-structure deformation monitoring based on interferometric surveying: the theories, key technologies, software development and applications of linear-structure deformation monitoring based on interferometric surveying have been studied. A theoretical and technological framework of multiple temporal interferometric surveying based on networking persistent scatterer has been established from efforts of four aspects made as following. Firstly, a novel moveable artificial corner reflector has been invented. Then, an integrated layout strategy that combined natural persistent scatterers and artificial corner reflectors has been proposed. Afterwards, a freely connecting networking model has been proposed to extracting deformation information in time series. In addition, a novel large scale subsidence monitoring method based on integrated multi-wavelength data has been put forward. Finally, a persistent scatterer interferometric data processing platform has been developed. This is the first domestic software platform with independent intellectual property, which filled the domestic gap in this field and played a key role in a series of national important construction projects.

High resolution remote sensing data processing and information extraction: a feature detector with scale invariance, a local feature descriptor and a geometric structure similarity metric have been developed using phase congruency. An efficient coarse-to-fine automatic registration approach has been proposed. Besides, the classification algorithm of topic model under the pixel samples marked partly has been explored.

Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) low altitude remote sensing: as the quick acquisition and processing of spatial data play important roles in the safety early warning and monitoring of the railway or high-speed railway, key technologies and products related to UAV remote sensing have been developed. A rough framework of quick acquisition and processing of UAV low altitude remote sensing data has been built.

 

For the research fields of Science and Technology of Remote Sensing, nine SCI papers, two monographs and one translated book have been published in the last four years. More than 30 EI papers have been published. Four patents have been granted. One first prize, two second-class prizes and one third-class prize of provincial level have been awarded. We have also won more than 10 scientific paper awards or industry association awards. The approaches and technologies proposed have been successfully applied to the Wenchuan, Yushu and Lushan earthquakes, landslides, the deformation monitoring of Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway, Shanghai-Nanjing intercity passenger special line, Hong Kong subway and etc.

地图制图学与地理信息工程方向主要研究内容包括:多维动态GIS的理论方法、大规模空间数据管理、高性能高可信空间分析、自适应可视化、地理信息智能服务等关键技术;地学协同与虚拟地理环境技术及其重大工程应用;地理信息自动综合与多尺度空间数据库技术;空间数据挖掘与知识发现,为地学规律探测、地学过程分析、地学机理解释提供信息技术工具。其中代表性科研成果包括:

动态三维地理信息系统成套技术:从理论方法、关键技术、系统研制和推广应用4个层次上对高性能、高可用三维GIS的核心关键问题进行了系统深入的研究,研制了自主知识产权的真三维GIS平台,制定了我国首个三维城市建模标准,广泛应用于数字城市、国土、交通、国防及防灾减灾等领域。相关成果发表在IJGIS和ISPRS等,并获2013和2014 国家测绘科技进步一等奖。

多尺度数字地图表达:提出了空间数据多尺度表达和数字地图综合的“自然法则”,发展了一系列几何变换算子及相应的算法(包括公认的Li-Openshaw算法),被各国广泛用于生产实践。成果获国家测绘科技进步一等奖、地理信息科技进步一等奖、国家自然科学二等奖、ISPRS学会奖。


地图制图学与地理信息工程方向近四年发表SCI论文3篇,出版专著/教材1部,获得省部级科技进步一等奖3项,二等奖3项,三等奖2项。承担国家级项目13项,包括973计划1项目、国家科技重大专项1项、863计划项目2项,国家自然科学基金项目9项,其余省部及重大项目30余项。

The key research fields of cartography and geospatial information engineering include key technologies of multi-dimensional and dynamic GIS, large scale spatial data management, high performance and high credible spatial analysis, adaptive visualization and geographical information intelligent service, key technologies of geo-collaboration & virtual geographic environments and its important engineering application, geographic information automatic synthesis and multi-scale spatial database technology, spatial data mining and knowledge discovery, information technology tools for geographic regularity detection, geographic process analysis  and geographic mechanism explanation. Selected achievements of relevant research topics in these fields are listed as below:

A set of technique of three-dimensional dynamic geographic information system: the theories, key technologies, software development and applications of digital city and virtual geographical environments are systematically explored. A true three-dimensional GIS platform was developed, and a 3D city modeling standard was firstly formulated, which were widely used in different areas such as digital city, land, transportation, defense, disaster prevention, mitigation etc. Relevant findings have been published on many prestigious journals such as IJGIS and ISPRS. Besides, we have won the first prize of the national science and technology progress awards in surveying and mapping of China in year 2013 and 2014.

Multi-scale digital map representation: "natural principle" for multi-scale spail representation and digital map generalization has been proposed. A series of geometric transformation operators and the corresponding algorithms including Li-Openshaw algorithm have been developed, which have been widely used for map production in many countries. Several prizes such as the first prize of the national science and technology progress award in surveying and mapping of china, first prize of science and technology progress award in geographic information of China, second prize of national science award of China, and ISPRS society award.


For the research fields of Cartography and Geospatial Information Engineering, three SCI papers and one monographs have been published in the last four years. Three first-class prizes, three second-class prizes and two third-class prizes of provincial level have been awarded. 13 national level projects including one national program on key basic research project (973 program), two national high technology research and development program of China (863 program), nine projects supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China have been approved. There are also more than 30 provincial and other major projects.

测绘科学与技术博士后流动站主要科研设备及科研条件(Research Supportive Conditions)

科研平台

Research Platforms


轨道交通国家实验室(筹)

National Laboratory for Rail Traffic (under construction)

高速铁路运营安全空间信息技术国家地方联合工程实验室

State-Province Joint Engineering Laboratory of Spatial Information Technology for High-speed Railway Safety

四川省应急测绘与防灾减灾工程技术研究中心

Sichuan Provincial Technological Research Centre of Emergency Mapping and Geological Disaster Monitoring,

2011协同创新计划“地球空间信息技术协同创新中心”

The Collaborative Innovation Center for Geospatial Information Technology supported by National 2011 program of China

2011协同创新计划“轨道交通安全协同创新中心”

The Collaborative Innovation Centre for Rail Transit Safety supported by National 2011 program of China

科研经费

Grants and Funding

近4年来,承担科研项目179项,到账经费2655万元,其中承担纵向课题97项目,到账经费1747万元,承担的国家级课题45项目,含973计划、863计划课题 9 项,国家自然科学基金项目 33 项。

In the last four years, funding of 26,550,000 Yuan for 179 grants has been approved, in which 17,470,000 Yuan for 97 grants were funded by governments. 45 national level projects including nine national program on key basic research project (973 program) or national high technology research and development program of China (863 program) and 33 National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) funded projects.


李志林,博士,格拉斯哥大学(英国)

国家千人计划特聘教授

地球科学与环境工程学院院长

地理信息系统


LI Zhilin, Ph.D, DSc, University of Glasgow (UK)

Distinguished professor of Chinese National Recruitment Program of Global Experts (The 1000 Talents Plan)

Dean of Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering at SWJTU

Research interests: multi-scale modeling and representation, multi-dimensional representation, multi-dimensional modeling

朱庆,博士,北京交通大学(中国)

教育部长江学者特聘教授

地球科学与环境工程学院执行院长

地理信息系统与虚拟地理环境、数字摄影测量与计算机视觉


ZHU Qing, Ph.D, Beijing Jiaotong University (China)

Yangtze River Scholar Professor Awarded by the Ministry of Education of China

Deputy Dean of Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering at SWJTU

Research interests: GIS, virtual geographic environments, digital photogrammetry and computer vision

黄丁发,博士,西南交通大学(中国)

教授

GNSS导航卫星系统与系统集成、精密工程测量/变形监测系统、辅助决策信息系统


HUANG Dingfa, Ph.D, Southwest Jiaotong University (China)

Professor

Researchinterests: GNSS and integrated navigation system; precise engineering surveying, deformation monitoring system, auxiliary decision-making information system

刘国祥,博士,香港理工大学(中国)

教授

研究生院常务副院长

永久散射体雷达干涉及区域形变反演、高分辨率卫星遥感及变化检测


LIU Guoxiang, Ph.D, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (China)

Professor

Deputy Dean of Administration of Graduate School at SWJTU

Research interests: permanent-scatterer SAR interferometry and regional deformation inversion, change detection using high resolution satellite images

李永树,博士,中国矿业大学北京研究生院(中国)

教授

地理信息系统理论与应用、无人机低空遥感技术及其应用


LI Yongshu, Ph.D, Graduate School of China University of Mining and Technology, 

Beijing (China)

Professor

Research interests: GIS theory and applications, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)-based remote sensing

岑敏仪,博士,西南交通大学(中国)

教授

测量误差理论与数据处理、高速铁路精密工程测量理论与技术、测绘新技术及其在交通工程中的应用


CEN Minyi, Ph.D, Southwest Jiaotong University (China)

Professor

Research interests: precise engineering surveying high-speed railway

测绘科学与技术博士后流动站主要合作导师

范东明,博士,西南交通大学(中国)

教授

测绘工程系主任

现代大地测量与精密工程控制测量理论与方法、3S技术与空间数据库


FAN Dongming, Ph.D, Southwest Jiaotong University (China)

Professor

Head of Department of Surveying and Mapping Engineering

Research interests: modern geodesy and precise engineering control survey, 3S technology and spatial database

徐柱,博士,香港理工大学(中国香港)

教授

遥感信息工程系主任

时空数据挖掘与空间数据共享、地图自动综合


XU Zhu, Ph.D, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Hong Kong, China)

Professor

Head of Department of Remote Sensing and Geoinformation Engineering

Research interests: spatio-temporal data mining and geospatial data sharing, automated cartographic generalization

熊永良,博士,西南交通大学(中国)

教授

高精度GNSS数据处理理论与应用,精密工程测量与变形观测


XIONG Yongliang, Ph.D, Southwest Jiaotong University (China)

Professor

Research interests: high-precision GNSS data processing, precise engineering surveying and deformation monitoring

陈强,博士,西南交通大学(中国)

教授

雷达干涉测量与形变监测、数字摄影测量及工程应用


CHEN Qiang, Ph.D, Southwest Jiaotong University (China)

Professor

Research interests: SAR interferometry and deformation monitoring, digital

photogrammetry and its engineering application

朱军,博士,中国科学院遥感应用研究所(中国)

副教授

虚拟地理环境与时空过程建模


ZHU Jun, Ph.D, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)

Associate professor

Research interests: virtual geographic environments, modeling of spatio-temporal process

袁林果,博士,香港理工大学(中国香港)

副教授

大地测量与地球动力学


YUAN Linguo, Ph.D, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Hong Kong, China)

Associate professor

Research interests: geodesy and geodynamics

联系人及联系方式


黄澜心 女士(院人事秘书)

电话:(86-28)6636 7459

邮箱:lxhuang12@home.swjtu.edu.cn

 Ms. Huang, Lanxin, Secretary of Human Resource

Tel: (86 28 ) 6636 7459

Email: lxhuang12@home.swjtu.edu.cn



遥感科学与技术/Science and Technology of Remote Sensing